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Hearty Native with Healthful Fruit

This easy-to-grow native plant is loaded with black berries that ripen in late summer and can hang on the bush throughout winter. Berries are very high in antioxidants and are great used for wine, jam, baking and more. Highly ornamental shrub features white blooms and glossy green foliage. Grows 3-6 ft. in full sun to partial shade. Zones 4-8.



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  • Botanical Name: Aronia melanocarpa
  • Height: 3 - 6 feet.
  • Spacing: 5 - 8 feet with 12 feet spacing between rows.
  • Depth: When potted, plant at the same depth it is in the pot. If the plant is bareroot, plant with the crown of the plant (where the stems meet the roots) no more than one inch below the soil surface.
  • Spread: 5 - 6 feet.
  • Light Required: Full sun to partial shade.
  • Pollinator: Self pollinating.
  • Yield: Approximately 10 - 15 lbs. per bush by the third year. Full production of about 20 - 25 lbs. of berries per bush after 6 years.
  • Color: White tinged with pink blossoms.
  • Foliage: Obovate, glossy medium green leaves with excellent red-orange and a hint of purple Fall color.
  • Blooms: Late Spring to early Summer.
  • Fruit: Fresh Aronia berries (about the size of blueberries) picked off the bush aren't very pleasant to the palate. Aronia have a high tannin level, they will really pucker you up, but after freezing or cooking they are much easier on taste buds, and some say af
  • Zone: Zones 3 - 8.
  • Form: Deciduous. Shrub form.
  • Flower Form: Corymbs of white tinged with pink.
  • Soil Requirements: Adaptable to a wide range of soils but moist, fertile well-drained soil is best.
  • Growth Rate: Moderate growth rate. Remember that perennials (that are going to be work-horses for many years in your garden), often follow 3 unwritten rules: the first year they SLEEP; the second year they CREEP; the third year - they LEAP!
  • Pruning: Prune in late Winter when dormant or after flowering, if fruit production is not an important factor for growing this plant.
  • Comments: Hardy native plant to Eastern North America and Canada. This variety is a cultivated form of the native aronia. It has recently attracted scientific interest due to the deep purple-black berries and their properties. There are several health benefits of the aronia berries like other dark pigmented berries such as blueberries, black currant, salal and bilberries. Antioxidants, cardiovascular system support, anti-aging properties, digestive aids and help in maintaining blood sugar levels to name a few! The berries are not particularly tasty fresh to humans but the juices can be made into a number of wonderful items such as juices, wines, syrups, sauces, marinades, chutney and pies. If you don't care to harvest the fruit, the songbirds and other wildlife will gladly take care of that for you!

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